My research focuses on implicit intergroup biases. It is now well established that stereotyping and prejudice often operate outside of conscious control. Even well-intentioned people are likely to display implicit associations that reflect pervasive stereotypes or prejudices. The goal of my ongoing work on this topic is to understand how implicit intergroup biases are embedded in social and cultural contexts.
Current directions of research include:
- Documenting reliable relations between implicit intergroup biases and characteristics of social contexts;
- Examining the stability and fluctuation of implicit intergroup biases across space and time;
- Identifying important psycho-social correlates of context-level implicit intergroup biases.
For further details about ongoing research projects, please consult recent publications.
This work is being conducted in collaboration with colleagues affiliated with SDSU and other academic institutions. Mentoring students in research experiences is an important component of my professional activities. I routinely involve graduate and undergraduate students in the various steps of research projects. As much as possible, I implement open science practices in my research activities.
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- Cvencek, D., Meltzoff, A.N., Maddox, C.D., Nosek, B.A., Rudman, L.A., Devos, T. Dunham, Y., Baron, A.S., Steffens, M.C., Lane, K., Horcajo, J., Ashburn-Nardo, L., Quinby, A., Srivastava, S.B., Schmidt, K., Aidman, E., Tang, E., Farnham, S., Mellott, D.S., Banaji, M.R., & Greenwald, A.G. (2020). Meta-analytic use of Balanced Identity Theory to validate the Implicit Association Test. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167220916631
- Devos, T., & Anderson, K. J. (2019). Are we in or are we out? Ingroup prototypicality effects in implicit ethnic-American associations. Japanese Psychological Research, 61, 65-82. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpr.12232
- Devos, T., Gavin, K., & Quintana, F. (2010). Say “Adios” to the American Dream: The interplay between ethnic and national identity among Latino and Caucasian Americans. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16, 37-49. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015868
- Devos, T., & Heng, L. (2009). Whites are granted the American identity more swiftly than Asians: Disentangling the role of automatic and controlled processes. Social Psychology, 40, 192-201. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-93220.127.116.11
- Devos, T., & Ma, D.S. (2013). How “American” is Barack Obama? The role of national identity in a historic bid for the White House. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 214-226. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12069
- Devos, T. & Mohamed, H. (2014). Shades of American identity: Implicit associations between ethnicity and national identity. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 8, 739-754. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12149
- Devos, T., & Sadler, M. (2019). Context diversity predicts the extent to which the American identity is implicitly associated with Asian Americans and European Americans. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 10, 182-193. https://doi.org/10.1037/aap0000149
- Devos, T., Sadler, M., Perry, D.T., & Yogeeswaran, K. (2019). Temporal fluctuations in context ethnic diversity over three decades predict implicit national inclusion of Asian Americans. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430219887440
- Devos, T., Yogeeswaran, K., Milojev, P., & Sibley, C. (2020). Conceptions of national identity and opposition to bicultural policies in New Zealand: A comparison of majority and minority perspectives. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2020.04.004
- Devos, T., & Yokoyama, Y. (2014). Silent or talking in the classroom: Implicit self-stereotyping among Asian and White students. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36, 386-396. https://doi.org/10.1080/01973533.2014.934960
- Hai, K., Devos, T., & Dunn, R. (2014). Mixed aspirations: Distinctions and relationships between the implicit and explicit self-concepts of college women. Self and Identity, 13, 535-555. doi:10.1080/15298868.2013.879537
- Huynh, Q.-L., Devos, T., & Altman, H. (2015). Boundaries of American identity: Relations between ethnic group prototypicality and policy attitudes. Political Psychology, 36, 449-468. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12189
- Huynh, Q.-L., Devos, T., & Dunbar, C.M. (2012). The psychological costs of painless but recurring experiences of racial discrimination. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 18, 26-34. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026601
- Huynh, Q.-L., Devos, T., & Goldberg, R. (2014). The role of ethnic and national identifications in perceived discrimination for Asian Americans: Toward a better understanding of the buffering effect of group identifications on psychological distress. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 5, 161-171. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031601
- Huynh, Q.-L., Devos, T., & Smalarz, L. (2011). Perpetual foreigner in one’s own land: Potential implications for identity and psychological adjustment. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 30, 133-162.
- Ma, D.S., & Devos, T. (2014). Every heart beats true, for the red, white, and blue: National identity predicts voter support. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 14, 22-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/asap.12025
- Rougier, M., Mueller, D., Courset, R., Smeding, A., Devos, T., & Batailler, C. (2020). Toward the use of approach/avoidance tendencies as attitude measures: Individual- and group-level variability of the ingroup bias. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 857-875. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2653
- Rydell, R.J., Hamilton, D.L., & Devos, T. (2010). Now they are American, now they are not: Valence as a determinant of the inclusion of African Americans in the American identity. Social Cognition, 28, 161-179.
- Sadler, M., & Devos, T. (2020). Ethnic diversity matters: Putting implicit associations between weapons and ethnicity in context. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 23, 285-300. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430218796933
- Devos, T., Huynh, Q.-L., & Banaji, M.R. (2012). Implicit self and identity. In M.R. Leary & J.P. Tangney (Eds.), Handbook of self and identity (2nd ed., pp. 155-179). New York: Guilford.
- Devos, T., & Vu, T.L. (2014). Implicit multicultural identities. In V. Benet-Martínez & Y.-Y. Hong, The Oxford handbook of multicultural identity: Basic and applied perspectives (pp. 227-251). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199796694.013.004
- Yogeeswaran, K., Devos, T., & Nash, K. (2016). Understanding the nature, measurement, and utility of implicit intergroup biases. In C.G. Sibley & F.K. Barlow (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of the psychology of prejudice (pp. 241-266). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
- Diversity and Multiculturalism
- Prejudice and Stereotypes
- Psychology and Culture
- Social Psychology
Department of Psychology
San Diego State University
5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, California 92182-4611
- Phone: (619) 594-6911
- Fax: (619) 594-1332